Integrated pest management (IPM)
IPM uses a combination of techniques to control pests. It focuses on long-term prevention of pests and their damage through scouting, cultural controls, mechanical and physical controls, biological controls, and chemical controls.
Often, spotting damage on a plant is the first indication that a pest is present.
Proper sanitation practice is one of the best ways to help keep pests under control.
Mechanical and physical controls
Killing a pest directly, preventing pests from entering an area, or making the environment unsuitable are examples of mechanical or physical controls.
Pesticides are only used when needed, when eradication of a pest is required on a more immediate basis. Chemicals are rotated to prevent resistance.
"The enemy of my enemy is my friend." This is the core tenant of biological control: introducing a pest's natural enemy to eradicate it.